Maintenance

Water Needs: Moderate – apply at least 1 inch of water as a deep soaking every 4 to 7 days to encourage a deep, healthy root system during hot or dry periods. Avoid frequent, shallow watering that results in shallow roots, permitting weed germination and growth.

Mowing & Thatching: Optimum mowing height is 1-2 inches for a quality lawn. Slow growth results in less mowing. Mow regularly with a sharp rotary or reel mower, allowing clippings from frequent mowing to remain on the lawn. Never remove more than 1/3 of the shoot growth at one mowing. Minimal thatch build-up, seldom requires dethatching.

Soil & Fertilizer Needs: Prefers an acidic soil pH of 5 to 6.5 – is well adapted to infertile, well-drained soil – very low fertilizer requirement. Fertilize 1 or 2 times a year, spring and fall, with a complete fertilizer containing nitrogen, phosphate and potassium – apply nitrogen at 1-2 lbs per 1,000 sq. ft. per year.

Disease, Weed & Insect Control: Aggressive enough to compete with weeds, reducing the need for chemical controls. Minimal disease and insect problems that can be chemically controlled.

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TEMPERATURE TOLERANCE

Excellent heat tolerance up to 110(F., performs best during periods of heat – has a winter dormancy period, turns tan to brown at temperatures below 55(F. Poor cold hardiness.

WEAR RESISTANCE

Excellent – withstands wear better than most grasses – can tolerate heavy traffic and when injured recovers more rapidly than other grasses.

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SHADE ADAPTATION

Poor – requires full sun for most of the day to grow properly – should not be used in a shady site

DROUGHT RESISTANCE

Superior – highly drought resistant, but also responds to irrigation in dry periods. Can go into summer dormancy when irrigation is withheld; upon return of moisture supply, will green up again. Some varieties have better tolerance to heat and drought.

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